India is currently the world's 7th largest emitter of global warming pollution and 5th largest for emissions from fossil fuel combustion. It accounts for approximately 4 percent of the world's emissions (1,866 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e)). Per capita emissions are 1.7 metric tons of CO2e (154th highest in the world).
India has made a commitment to reduce its emissions per unit of GDP 20 to 25 percent below 2005 levels by 2020. To meet and exceed this goal, India is increasing fuel efficiency standards by 2011; adopting building energy codes by 2012; increasing forest cover to sequester 10 percent of its annual emissions; and increasing the fraction of electricity derived from wind, solar, and small hydro from the current 8 percent to 20 percent by 2020.
|CLEAN ENERGY DEPLOYMENT|
1. Install 20 GW of solar energy by 2022 through $19 billion in investments.
2. Curb emissions by nearly 100 million tons a year and cut annual energy consumption 5 percent by 2015 – adding 20 GW of capacity and fuel savings of 23 million tons per year -- through enhanced energy efficiency.
3. Require mandatory energy-efficient building code for commercial and high-rise residential buildings.
4. Establish efficiency standards and labels for 11 household appliances, such as air-conditioners, lights, and televisions.
5. Institute green transportation systems in major cities.
6. Create clean energy financing and incentives.7. Implement the Obama-Singh "Green Partnership" on energy security, climate change and food security.
|DEFORESTATION||Double the rate of restored forest cover, removing 43 million tons CO2e each year, or 6.35% of India's annual greenhouse gas emissions, by 2020|
|ADAPTATION||Focus on adaptation to climate variability, specifically related to water, agriculture, health and sanitation, forests, coastal-zone infrastructure and protection against extreme weather events.|
Source : NRDC